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Found 4 loads for the
.45-110 Sharps (Straight)

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Case Diagram/Image
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About AmmoGuide Case Diagrams

Standard American S.A.E. (in.)
Metric Metric (mm.)

Bullet Diameter:
.458 in.
Max Overall Length:
3.900 in.
Case Capacity (est):
100.6 gr. water
Primer Size:
.210 in.
Bullet Weight:
550 gr
Muzzle Velocity:
1,350 fps
Muzzle Energy:
2,226 ft-lbs
.45-110 Sharps (Straight) at AmmoGuide.com 
.45-110 Sharps (Straight) at AmmoGuide.com
"Easy Link" to this cartridge (copy and paste into emails, forums, etc.):
.45-110 Sharps (Straight) - http://ammoguide.com/?catid=334

In 1876, the first Sharps-developed cartridge was introduced in the historic Sharps "Old Reliable" breech-loading lever-action single-shot rifle. It utilized a .45 caliber bullet and a straight-walled rimmed case of 2-7/8 inch length. It was offered with a volumetric blackpowder charge of either 100 or 110 grains.

Later that year Sharps would introduce shorter case lengths and charge combinations, such as 2-6/10 and 2-4/10 inch long cases with as much as 100 grains of blackpowder. However, the 110 grain loading was only available in the 2-7/8 inch case.

The trend downward in charge weights to as little as 90 grains would indicate the 45-110 was considered the upper limit of what was needed in the rifle's intended role - a perfect tool for the long-range buffalo hunter of the period. The tragic over-hunting of the species, the fault of improper game management, stands as testament to the effectiveness of Sharp's design.

Two years later, the company would produce only one longer case - the 3-1/4 inch long .45-120/125, but it is not clear the company actually chambered commercially-available rifles in the round. Accordingly, the .45-110 may represent the most powerful Sharps rifle produced by the company.

The .45-110's popularity was reborn with the 1990 MGM release of "Quigley Down Under" starring Tom Selleck. The movie's hero is a contemporary 1870's reloader/precision shooter who employs a custom Sharps rifle in .45-110 with set triggers, 34 inch heavy octagon barrel, fully adjustable, removable tang sight and other accoutrements. The film is highly recommended for reloading enthusiasts.

Sharps folded its doors in 1881. Today it's legacy is embodied by the excellent hand-crafted rifles of the Shiloh Rifle Company of Big Timber, Montana - http://www.shilohrifle.com/

Shiloh's commitment to the original Sharps product is such that they claim parts interchangeability with original Sharps rifles. Shiloh is also the maker of the original "Quigley Down Under" rifle and offers the identical model on a custom order basis in either .45-70 or .45-110. Your personal "Quigley" comes complete with gold-inlaid initials in the receiver (yours, not Matthew Quigley's).

The author's Shiloh "Quigley", Cal .45-110, Serial 14xx...
(Image reduced from 500x332. For original image, CLICK HERE)

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Never directly use a published charge unless it is specifically marked as a starting load. For all other listings, unless otherwise noted, reduce published charges by 3-5% to produce a starting load for your gun. Then, incrementally work up, being watchful for signs of over pressure. Best accuracy may be realized far below a listed maximum charge. One may not be able to actually reach a full published charge if their gun produces greater pressure than was experienced in the development firearm. Stay alert when reloading - be careful!

Available .45-110 Sharps (Straight) Loads

Bullet Make
& Wt. (gr)
Vel. (fps)
    K. E.
Len. (in)

300 Clements  --Subscribers Only--
405 D & J  --Subscribers Only--
405 Clements  --Subscribers Only--
500 LYMAN  --Subscribers Only--

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